The term ‘OPEN CITY’ signifies a city that has surrendered to an enemy without any fighting or resistance. A unilateral declaration, however, may not be recognised by the enemy. This eventuality is what took place in Rome: after arresting Mussolini, although King Victor Emanuel III declared Rome to be ‘Open City’, German troops occupied the Eternal City and the Allies bombed it 51 times.
On our Tour, we retrace the events which bloodied Rome Open City, and visit the locations where these events took place. The district of S. Lorenzo, struck by a thousand tons of bombs, Porta Ostiense, where 3,000 thousands Italians soldiers and ordinary citizens tried to prevent the entry of German tanks, the Ardeatine Caves, where 335 men were massacred in retaliation for the killing of 32 SS-soldiers at Via Rasella. As giving an account of the urban resistance of roman partisans, we will visit the Gestapo prisons, transformed into the Museum of Liberation, and drive along Via Veneto, which before becoming the street of the ‘dolce vita’, hosted the German Command, and attracted spies, double agents and secret agents, like the famous Peter Thompkins of the Office of Special Services. A quick look at Mussolini’s balcony, Mussolini’s residence, King Victor’s residence, and the former German Embassy (the splendid villa Wolkonsky) will make the Tour complete!
ROUND TRIP DURATION: 3/4 hours (depending upon traffic)
WHEN: Monday and Wednesday only am; Tuesday, Thursday and Friday also pm (the Museum of Liberation is closed for Easter, June 29th, August 1st-31st, December 25th, January 1st)
HOW: by private transportation (SUV, minibus, pullman) to the sites, with a few stops
MEETING POINT: at your hotel/residence
MEETING TIME: am: 9.00; pm: 14.00 (to be agreed)
PRIVATE TOUR RATE:
€ 550 (for a party of maximum 6 people)
€ 650 (for a party from 7 to 12 people)
€ 800 (for a party from 13 to 14 people)
BIG PARTY RATE: please read TERMS AND CONDITIONS
ADMISSION FEE TO THE MUSEUM OF LIBERATION: * 2
FINAL STOP: at your hotel/residence